12264 Lecture: Tierschutz und Ethologie (in German)
Studies in Veterinary Science, 25 ECTS, assessment: exam
In this undergraduate course, the students will (a) obtain the ethological background needed for understanding animal behaviour, (b) get to know the behavioural biology of the most relevant species, (c) learn to understand animal welfare as an important ethical concern of society and the law as an instrument for addressing these concerns, and (d) get to know the scientific concepts and methods for assessing animal welfare. Through this, the students should be well equipped (a) to assess the biological needs of animals and the range and limitations of their adaptive capacities, and (b) to map biological evidence onto legal requirements and evaluate it in the context of the social and political reality. They should thus be able to assess whether conditions are appropriate with respect to both the animals and the current law.
The lectures include: Introduction animal welfare (4 lessons), Ethology (16 lessons), Scientific concepts of animal welfare (12 lessons), Special topics of animal welfare (10 lessons), Ethology and animal husbandry of the most relevant species of farm animals, laboratory animals and companion animals (19 lessons)
3539 Vorlesung: Ethik und Philosophie der Biologie (in German)
Studies in Biology and Philosophy, 3 ECTS, assessment: exam
What renders biology a science? What is life, and how can it best be studied? What explanatory value do models in biology have? And how should we treat experimental animals in biology research? While biology is the subject-matter of questions like these, they clearly go beyond the borders of the discipline. They cannot be answered by using biological methods and are therefore addressed in philosophy and ethics. This lecture is an introduction to the philosophy and ethics of biology. It aims to stimulate reflection about the nature, methods and results of modern biology, and address the ethical issues related to it.
The content of the course is structured into four blocks: (1) biology as a scientific discipline (Basics of philosophy of science: criteria for science, scientific method, models for the development of science according to Popper and Kuhn), (2) Ethical questions in biology (theories of ethics such as utilitarianism and their application to biology; animal welfare and animal ethics and their biological bases), (3) questions regarding methods in biology (Animal experiments and animal models, causal explanations and causal inferences), (4) metaphysics of biology (reductionism, concept of function).